Videos

Water Suppression Rigs

Learn more about  the different types of spray rigs for UTVs, ATVs, and trucks. Many of these  rigs are available for purchase online or can be made at home with the proper  equipment.

Great Plains Fire Science Exchange

GPFSE is a network of landowners, managers, practitioners, and scientists interested in the fire-dependent grassland ecosystems of the Great Plains Region.

Planning Weather Conditions

Picking the most appropriate weather conditions to accomplish the goals and objectives of the prescribed burn is essential. For example, you would want to burn in drouth conditions to have the best effect on pricklypear.

Using Goats with Fire

This video showcases how to combat your juniper or cedar, especially Redberry Juniper, through the integration of fire and post-fire targeted grazing with goats.

Why We Use Prescribed Burns

Prescribed burning is very important to the rangelands of Texas and the removal of fire in our ecosystems, thus resulting in altering our native plant communities and fire regimes.

Becoming a Certified and Insured Prescribed Burn Manager from Texas Department of Agriculture

As a Texas landowner or range manager, you can become a Certified and Insured Prescribed Burn Manager through the Texas Department of Agriculture. Similar to TDA�s Pesticide License, there are four categories of a Prescribed Burn License available to those that are interested in conducting safe prescribed fires to manage agricultural land in Texas. This short video explains the requirements to become a CIPBM.

Managing Juniper with Prescribed Fire

Implementing prescribed fire to manage juniper species can be a very useful and inexpensive tool for rangeland management. However, given the different growth stages of certain juniper species, management expectations and strategies must be implemented accordingly. This short video will walk you through those management considerations.

Managing Pricklypear with Prescribed Fire

Pricklypear in Texas occupies a significant amount of rangelands and dense stands can have detrimental effects on livestock productivity and to wildlife habitat. Prescribed fire is an effective management strategy in reducing pricklypear density, allowing more desirable vegetation to establish, thus benefitting both livestock and wildlife species.

Prescribed Fire Ignition Options

Learn about the different options for ignition operations on a prescribed fire from the Great Plains Fire Science Exchange.

Prescribed Burning- Animated Video

This is a great animated video for students or youth to watch to understand how prescribed burn can help reduce wildfire risk and the role that fire plays in fire-dependent ecosystems.

Ring Fire Ignition Sequence

Curious on how to build a ring fire ignition sequence with a back, flank, and head fire? Watch this short video featuring drone footage to better understand how a ring fire is the fastest ignition method to generate heat and eliminate potential fuel.

Prescribed Burning: A View from a Drone

Watch our 2017 Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School demonstration on a 300-acre fire near San Angelo, Texas from a drone.

Burn Plan

Learn about the necessary components of a burn plan from this short video.

Communications, Radios, & Maps

This short video shows the necessary role communications, radios, and maps play on a prescribed fire.

Drip Torch Safety

Drip torches are an integral part of prescribed fire. Learn how to stay safe while using them.

Drip Torch Troubleshooting

Drip torches can be tricky and expensive to replace. Rather than buy a new one when it gets clogged, watch this short video on how to troubleshoot your problem and fix it yourself.

Fire Application

Enhance your understanding of fire application with this short video emphasizing different techniques and equipment.

Fire Tools

There are numerous tools that are advantageous on a prescribed burn. For example, a leaf blower can be very useful when you have little or fine vegetative fuel. Check this video out for our complete rundown of prescribed fire equipment.

Fire Weather Forecast, Interpreting Fire Weather

Burn day weather can be challenging to interpret sometimes. This video will help distinguish the important weather parameters to focus on in preparation for burn day.

Historic Role of Fire

Fire is a critical process in fire-dominated plant communities based on the historic fire return interval. Texas, on average, burned every 2-20 years depending on the ecotype. Check this video out for a brief rundown on the history of fire in Texas.

Ignition Techniques

Burn units can be complex and challenging. Enhance your knowledge of ignition tactics to better meet your prescribed burn objectives and to safely maneuver through complex burn units.

Landowner Perspective on Prescribed Burns

In this short video, prescribed fire is shown from the perspective of a landowner that has implemented prescribed burns on his property as part of his range management plan.

On-Site Weather

Paying close attention to changing weather trends and patterns is imperative on a prescribed burn. This video showcases how to perform on-site weather readings and the tools necessary to do so while on the burn location.

Prescribed Burn Associations

This short video explains what Prescribed Burn Associations are and how they can assist private landowners with prescribed fire.

Prescribed Burn Effects on Livestock

Watch this short video on the effects that prescribed fire can have on your livestock operation and the overall enhancement of forage production and diversity.

Prescribed Burn Effects on Wildlife

Prescribed fire can benefit a diverse set of native wildlife species- big and small! The key to this is creating the ideal habitat for all species. Learn more by watching this video.

Proper Fuel Mix

Mixing the correct ratio of diesel to gasoline is very important when dealing with different vegetative fuel types, moisture, and weather conditions. Learn to mix vegetative fuel types for your prescribed burn situation.

Protective Clothing

Proper protective equipment is vital to a safe and efficient prescribed burn. Cotton or Nomex is flame resistant and much safer to work in than polyester, spandex, or similar fibers. Learn more by watching this short video about PPE.

Types of Fire Behavior

Watch this short video explaining the behavior of back, flank, and head fires on a prescribed burn.

Who to Contact Before Burning

Making the right phone calls, including informing neighbors and the authorities, of an upcoming prescribed burn contributes to fire culture differentiating between wildfire smoke and prescribed fire smoke.

Wildfire Mitigation

Using Prescribed fire to mitigate accumulated fuel loads and to proactively manage fuels before red flag conditions arise in wildfire season can be very beneficial. Learn more here from Dr. Charles Taylor.

Prescribed Fire Liability Insurance

Ronya discusses the Texas Farm Bureau Farm Liability policy that covers prescribed burning as part of the Texas A&M AgriLife ExtensionService’s 2017 Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School.

Prescribed Burn Resources

The Conservation Fire Team is commercially licensed from theTexas Department of Agriculture Prescribed Burn Board and is insured to burn in all five eco regions of Texas. In this video, the CFT crew members share their experiences during the speaker series on July 13th at Texas A&MAgriLife Extension. Brian Treadwell, Brian Blackbird, and Randy Russell discuss the equipment used, communication before and during a burn, and the important factors to consider before and during a burn.

Burning with Less

Learn about how a Texas Department of Agriculture Lead BurnInstructor conducts prescribed fires across the state with a 6-12 man crew. Inthis video, Brian Treadwell discusses the importance of weather on burn day,fuel loads, and communication within the burn crew.

Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School Short

Watch this short introductory video showcasing the 2017 Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School held in San Angelo, Texas.

Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School

Learn more about the 2017 Flame and Fortune Prescribed BurnSchool with this in-depth video showcasing the participants’ experience with the field burn demonstration.

Burn Plans

Check out this lecture by Flame and Fortune’s guest speakerChris Schenck, where he discusses preparing burn plans for the 2017 burn school. In this video, Chris dissects a burn plan and explains how to write one of your own, detailing what to include and what not to, and the resources available to you.

Working with PBA's and VFD's

In this video, Chris Schenck, Texas Parks and WildlifeStatewide Fire Program Leader discusses what a Prescribed Burn Association (PBA)is, the role a Volunteer Fire Department (VFD) plays in a prescribed burn, and the importance of Unified Command in a prescribed fire situation.

Stewards of the Land

Dr. Roger Q. Landers, Jr. (Jake) shares his range management stories, insight, and advice at the 2017 Flame and Fortune Burn School.

Smoke Management

In this video, Grant Teplicek, USDA-NRCS, talks on smoke management for prescribed burns and provides recommendations to mitigate smoke impacts on smoke-sensitive areas.

How We Burn on Our Ranch

Watch this video to see how west Texas ranch managers have successfully integrated prescribed fire into their management plan.

Fire Effects

Learn about fire effects on native plant communities on rangelands form our 2017 Flame and Fortune Burn School! In this video, MarkMoseley discuses the benefits of joining your local burn association.

Making Lemonade out of Lemons on an Rx Fire

What happens when things do not go according to plan?  What type of contingency plans should exist for a prescribed fire?  Check out this video from the 2017 Flame and Fortune Prescribed Burn School where RandyRussell talks about how to prepare and act on a plan when/if things go awry.

Prescribed Burn Associations (PBAs)

Learn about becoming active in a Prescribed Burn Association(PBAs) and how PBA's can help landowners accomplish more safe and effective prescribed fires!

Writing a Burn Plan

This is a recording of the Prescribed Burn Plan Writing Workshop hosted virtually. Participants will learn the different components of a prescribed burn plan and how to develop a plan to maximize safety and effectiveness during a prescribed fire. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Regulations & Burn Plans

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Smoke Management - Module 8

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Techniques for Prescribed Fire

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Fire Line Roles & Burn Day Activities

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Weather Planning

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Fire Equipment

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Fire Preparations

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Fire Behavior

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Fire Uses and Benefits

This is a recording of the Introduction to Prescribed Fire Workshop hosted virtually. During the course participants learn the basics of planning and implementing a prescribed burn on their land. These workshops are for landowners, resource professionals, volunteer fire departments, and others interested in burning. No prior burn experience is necessary to participate.

Should we use fire to manage land?

Humans have always used prescribed fire to manage land in the Great Plains. Indigenous groups used prescribed fire to shape the Great Plains landscapes and create environments in which they could thrive. Prescribed fires used to manage land are very different from wildfires. The risk of fatality to wildfire fighters is 3,500% higher compared to prescribed fire users. Today’s grasslands owe their existence to human-ignited fires and is the only method proven to effectively control cedar at the scale of the Great Plains biome.

Controlling Eastern redcedar: Mechanical treatments or prescribed fire?

Science has shown that mechanical control of cedar has not performed up to expectations of controlling cedar invasion at desired scales. Mechanical treatments are expensive and target a single invasion stage. While, prescribed fire can target seeds, seedlings, small trees, large trees and stands in a single application. Mechanical methods have greater risks to users, while, prescribed fire has a risk of escape (less than 1% of all fires). Cedar control programs, should evaluate these options with regard to management goals and local conditions.

Does it require wildfire to kill Eastern redcedar?

Eastern redcedar is a fire sensitive tree that is killed using prescribed fire. Fire intensities of 160 kilowatts per meter, equivalent to ~ 2-3 foot flame length, are required to kill cedar trees. Many prescribed fires are just below this intensity, but scientists and land managers have found that by targeting fuel load and or fuel moisture conditions, this threshold can be easily reached within the prescription of a prescribed burn plan. High wind speeds are not required to kill mature cedar trees.

Do windbreaks contribute to cedar infestation of grasslands?

Planting cedar in the Great Plains has increased cedar seed sources at an unprecedented scale and now contributes to cedar invasion. Originally, scientists assumed that cedar was not capable of naturally spreading from windbreaks due to the difficulty of establishing cedar windbreaks in grasslands. Because of this assumption, planting cedar became common practice to generate local benefits associated with wind protection. Now that we know this assumption is wrong, decisions to plant cedar should be evaluated based on windbreak benefits vs. invasion consequences.

Is cedar invasion simply an issue for ranchers?

The dust bowl is a well-known state transition where ecosystems transitioned from a productive state to an unproductive state. Like the dustbowl, Eastern redcedar invasion is causing a state transition in the Great Plains, but with very different impacts. The impacts of cedar invasion extend well beyond the expected consequences to ranching communities, including collapses in native biodiversity; increased risk to endangered species; decreased ability to control wildfires; loss of water resources; increased allergens; and loss of public school funding. Like the dust bowl, cedar invasion is tied to the culture of land management and can be solved by changing some key management practices.

How does cedar impact wildlife in the Great Plains?

Eastern redcedar expansion causes major shifts in wildlife communities and is among the largest conservation challenges in the Great Plains. The Plains’ iconic prairie chickens are among the first species impacted by cedar encroachment. As cedar becomes dominant, many other species decline. Including popular game species such as wild turkey, northern bobwhite, and deer. While some species use cedar when it is sparse, no wildlife require cedar.

Is Eastern redcedar an invasive species?

Eastern redcedar is an invasive species in the Great Plains because its natural enemy—fire—has been nearly eliminated, causing a rapid expansion of cedar into environments where it was historically absent. Many invasive species overcome natural enemies through introductions into new geographic regions. Cedar in the Great Plains is a unique case of invasion where a natural enemy was overcame within a native range.

Future of the Great Plains without fire

Elimination of fire from the Great Plains is obtainable through complete conversion of rangelands and forests to cropland and asphalt. However, fire suppression efforts are successful and cause major changes in Great Plains ecosystems. The future of the Great Plains with fire suppression would result in the dominance of woody plants; hardships to ranching communities and rural economies; more endangered and threatened species; and increased risk of wildfire to our homes and communities. Prescribed burn associations work to avoid the consequences of fire suppression by bringing communities together to conduct prescribed fires and address regional conservation issues.

A special thanks to:

Directors: Erin McCready, Undergraduate Research Assistant, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Dillon Fogarty, Ph.D. Student, Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Editors: Dr. Dirac Twidwell Jr., Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Dr. Craig Allen, Resilience Scientist, Director for the Center for Resilience in Working Agricultural Landscapes (RWAL)

Featuring: Dr. Dirac Twidwell Jr., Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Dr. Craig Allen, Resilience Scientist, Director for the Center for Resilience in Working Agricultural Landscapes (RWAL)
Dr. Dwayne Elmore, Wildlife Extension Specialist, Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University
John Weir, Associate Extension Specialist, Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University
Dr. Samuel Fuhlendorf, Regents Professor and Groendyke Chair in Wildlife Conservation, Oklahoma State University